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Here’s a timeline of the COVID-19 outbreak in the Philippines


Here’s a timeline of the COVID-19 outbreak in the Philippines

It was on Dec. 31, 2019, when Chinese authorities informed the World Health Organization of consecutive pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, Hubei province, China, with an unknown root. The mysterious disease was first referred to as 2019-nCoV and later was named COVID-19.



By January 3, China states a total of 44 suspected patients with the mystery disease. The first death due to the new coronavirus was a 61-year-old male admitted to hospital in Wuhan with several underlying medical conditions. Apart from respiratory failure and severe pneumonia, the patient also suffered from abdominal tumors and chronic liver disease.

The first occurrence of COVID-19 in the Philippines was validated on January 30. The patient was a 38-year-old Chinese woman from Wuhan, the city origin of the coronavirus disease, who had landed in Manila from Hong Kong on January 21. She was admitted to San Lazaro Hospital in Manila on January 25 following a consultation due to a mild cough. At the time of the confirmation notice, the Chinese woman was then asymptomatic.



The second case was verified on February 2, a 44-year-old Chinese male who was the comrade of the first case. His death on February 1 was the first reported fatality outside China, the origin country. The patient suffered from a complication with influenza and Streptococcus pneumoniae.

On February 5, the Department of Health (DOH) declared a third case, a 60-year-old Chinese woman who traveled to Cebu City from Hong Kong on January 20. Prior to her trip, she came from Bohol where she consulted a doctor at a private hospital on January 22, due to fever and rhinitis. Samples taken from the patient on January 24 showed a negative result, but the DOH was notified on February 3 that samples taken from the patient on January 23 tested positive for the virus. The patient upon recovery on January 31 was released to go back home to China.



Following a month without further cases, on March 6, the DOH announced two cases who are Filipinos. One is a 48-year-old man with a travel history to Japan, returning on February 25 and reported symptoms on March 3.

The other is a 60-year-old man with a history of hypertension and diabetes who experienced symptoms on February 25 and was treated to a hospital on March 1 when he experienced pneumonia. He had last visited a Muslim prayer hall in San Juan.

The DOH stated that the fifth case had no travel history outside the Philippines and is, hence, the first case of local transmission. A sixth case was later verified: a 59-year-old woman who is the wife of the fifth case.

The Department of Health affirmed that the fourth case is a lawyer who works for the multinational firm Deloitte, whose office is located at Bonifacio Global City in Taguig City, while the fifth case is a resident of Cainta, Rizal.

On March 8, it was confirmed that an American, Taiwanese and two Filipinos were being treated for the virus.

On March 9, the DOH declared 10 more cases of the virus with unnamed patients being isolated at various hospitals. That same day, President Duterte announced four more cases from San Juan, Quezon City, and Santa Maria, Bulacan.

President Duterte announced on March 12, 2020, the “community quarantine” on Metro Manila starting at midnight on March 15 up to April 14 that will cover 16 cities and one municipality. Traveling through land, domestic air, and domestic sea from Metro Manila was suspended with exceptions.[15] For international travel, restrictions are imposed on those who came from countries with localized COVID-19 transmissions, except for citizens of the Philippines (including their foreign spouse and children) or holders of permanent resident visas and diplomat visas. Vehicles for mass transportation are allowed to operate provided that persons riding these vehicles comply with the social distancing guidelines. Curfew has also put into place by the local government units of Metro Manila.

On March 16, President Duterte declared a Luzon-wide “enhanced community quarantine” that aims to further combat the effect of the continuing and increasing spread of COVID-19. It took effect on March 17 and will end on April 12. This quarantine also applies to the region of Mimaropa (Mindoro, Marinduque, Romblon, and Palawan), which is outside the Luzon island. Under this new setup, mass gatherings are completely prohibited and all means of public transport are no longer allowed limiting the movement of people.

Meanwhile, on March 28, the cases of COVID-19 worldwide surpassed 600,000. Both Spain and Italy reached new records for the number of dead in one day. Spain records 832 dead while Italy records 889.

The Department of Health reported a continuous increase in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country. As of March 30, the total number of confirmed cases has ballooned to 1,546. Fatalities rose to 78 while recoveries are at 42. The largest single-day jump in the number of confirmed cases was on March 29, when 343 new cases were reported.



In Cavite, there is a total of 56 confirmed cases as of March 30. Below are the affected areas.


Source: Department of Health, Devex

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