The bill that aims to establish a national ID system in the country has been signed into law on Monday, August 6, by President Rodrigo Duterte.
The Senate and the House of Representatives confirmed this report from the bicameral conference committee in the last week of May 2018.
Many citizens oppose the national ID system, with specialists advising that the new system might lessen the quality of an individual’s privacy. However, the government contends that security measures are ensured to preserve collected information from the private citizens.
Called the Philippine Identification System (PhilSys), the ID system will serve as the national fundamental identification platform that stores public and private activities in order.
Advocates of the national ID system think that the platform would remarkably enhance the performance of government services. With the new PhilSys card, citizens would have enough proof of their identity.
The Republic Act 11055 states that the system shall eliminate the need to present other forms of identification when transacting with the government and private sector.
Individuals can go register in the following centers:
- PSA Regional Provincial Offices
- Local Civil Registry Offices
- Government Service Insurance Syste
- Social Security System
- Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
- Home Development Mutual Fund
- Commission on Elections
- Philippine Postal Corporation
- Other government agencies as assigned by PSA
All Filipino citizens and aliens shall register in the PhilSys. Individuals born after the law takes effect shall be registered upon birth immediately.
Each registered person in the Philippines will be provided a PhilSys Number (PSN). The PSN is a randomly generated, unique, and permanent identification number.
The Philsys card would also act as an official government-issued identification document that can be used in various transactions that necessitate confirmation of identification.
The PhilID holds personal information such as a person’s unique PSN, full name, blood type, date of birth, place of birth, address, and front-facing photograph. Marital status is also optional. This ID card can be used in transactions that seeks an ID card such as:
- Applying for social welfare and benefits
- Applying for services offered by the GSIS, SSS, PhilHealth, Pag-Ibig, and other government agencies\
- Applying for passport and driver’s licenses
- Tax-related transactions
- Registration and voting identification purposes
- Applying for schools, colleges, universities, and other learning institutions
- Applying for employment and other related transactions
- Opening bank accounts and other transactions with banks and financial institutions
- Verifying criminal records and clearances
- Other transactions defined in the implementing rules and regulations (IRR)
Information to be collected under the Philippine Identification System includes demographic data such as full name, sex, date of birth, place of birth, blood type, address, and citizenship. Marital status, mobile numbers, and email addresses are optional.
Biometric information will also be entered. This shall include front-facing photograph, a complete set of fingerprints, and iris scan. Other identifiable features may be obtained if needed.
A person petitioning to be part of the PhilSys shall present a birth certificate. Resident aliens, meanwhile, will need certification of their status. Additional documents may be demanded upon assessment.
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is the main implementing agency of the national ID system.